Languages and lessons

Switzerland has four national languages: French, German, Italian and Romansh. English, though not an official language, is often used to bridge the divides.

German is spoken by about 64%, French by about 23%, Italian by about 8%. Romansh is spoken by less than 1% of the total population.

The most notable linguistic fact about German-speaking Switzerland is the use of dialect for spoken communication and standard German for written communication. French is spoken 


in the west of the country, while Italian is spoken in Ticino and the south of neighboring Graubünden, and Romansh is spoken only in Graubünden. However, there are language minorities from elsewhere in all the major cities. The three main languages are, accordingly, shared with the surrounding countries.  Even Romansh is not really unique to Switzerland – there are similar Rhaetoromanic languages spoken by minorities in the South Tyrol and the Friuli region of northern Italy.

Constitutional rights

The Swiss constitution recognises the rights of the various language groups to communicate in their own language. German, French, and Italian are full official languages of the Confederation – all laws and official documents have to be available in them – and Romansh is a “partial” official language for the purpose of communication with Romansh speakers. The constitution contains provisions for the federal government to assist the cantons of Ticino and Graubünden in supporting Italian and Romansh. 

People abroad often incorrectly assume that the fact that there are four national languages in Switzerland means that every Swiss speaks four languages. Swiss populations tend to stay in their own language regions and consume media in their own language if possible.

The divide between the French- and German-speaking areas is an undeniable reality, jokingly known to the Swiss themselves as the Röstigraben, or "rösti ditch" – the name refers to a typical potato dish popular in German-speaking Switzerland. As in other countries, languages compulsorily learned at school tend to be forgotten in adult life. 

Still, bilingual individuals are common enough in many parts of Switzerland, and there is a general tolerance among the population of each other’s languages.

Foreign languages

Meanwhile immigrants have brought their own languages to Switzerland. These non-national languages combined now outnumber both Romansh and Italian in terms of being one of main languages for speakers.

Around 4.6% of the population lists English as one of their main languages, followed by Portuguese at 3.5%.  

English has taken on a major profile in recent years as a language of international communication. Swiss of all language groups are eager to learn it because of its importance in business. English speakers who come to Switzerland find no shortage of people who can speak English – at least in the cities. English is even coming to be used as a lingua franca between French- and German-speaking Swiss in business settings.

Increasing numbers of Swiss from different parts of Switzerland also communicate with each other in English.

Language schools and lessons


ASC International House Geneva

72, rue de Lausanne, 1202 Geneva, Switzerland

Entrée: 50, rue Rothschild

T: +41 (0)22 731 85 20   F: +41 (0)22 738 21 58

Center in Vevey too.


We help you to cross the language and cultural barrier, thus facilitating your integration and that of your family. 

Swiss French School

Rue Michel Roset 2, 1201 Geneva, Switzerland

T: +41 (0)22 738 00 20

Centers in: 
Lausanne, Fribourg, Biel-Bienne, Neuchâtel, Montreux, La Chaux-de-Fonds


The SFS method is based on a 3-step process which allows students to learn French quickly and use it straight away.


Italiano in Ticino

Ascona - Locarno

T:+41 (0) 76 339 99 23


Courses are structured and based on every single student’ s (or group of students’) needs and
interests, and customised according to everyone’s skills and learning abilities.


About Swissing

General Wille Str. 21, 8002 Zurich, Switzerland

T: +41 (0)44 201 56 00


Achieving conversational fluency is crucial to feeling at home in Switzerland and to fully appreciating the Swiss way of life. Our courses are designed to meet this need for international business people and their families.

A to Z English

A to Z English

T: +41 (0)43 411 88 07


Our classes develop independent reading, writing, grammar and spelling skills for bi-lingual, multi-lingual and native English-speaking primary school children. 


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